Dreissena Laboratory Toxicity and Open Water Control Test Methods

The Toxicity Testing Work Group of the Invasive Mussel Collaborative reviewed and compiled published studies and reports on dreissenid control studies, both laboratory-based toxicity studies and open water treatments using molluscicides.  The table on the first tab displays the collection of literature reviewed for dreissenid laboratory toxicity test methods. The table on the second tab is in development and is coming soon.

To search the papers listed below, click the search bar in the table header below and then type in a keyword, author, journal, toxicant, or year and the table will filter the results. 

The complete metadata file of laboratory studies can be downloaded Here. (Last updated: 6/9/2022)


AuthorsDateTitleLife stageControl agentResponse measureNontarget speciesJournal
Addis, Caroline2016Development Of A Dreissena Bioassay To Assess The Toxicity Of Contaminants Across Two Life History StagesAdult, Pre-settlement3 surfactant mixtures (Chemgaurd first class, Phoschek first response, Phoschek WD881)MortalityNAWayne State University
Afanasyev, Sergey; Sergey Shcherbak; Pavel Gusak; Stanley Ross; Julia Gromova2015Technology for Eliminating Dreissena Biofouling in HydrofacilitiesAdultHigh pressure, high temp water jet pulseOxygen consumption, GrowthNAWater Quality Research Journal of Canada
Aldridge, David C.; Elliott, Paul; Moggridge, Geoff D.2006Microencapsulated BioBullets for the Control of Biofouling Zebra MusselsAdultPotassium Chloride (KCl)MortalityMolluscsEnvironmental Science and Technology
Angarano, McMahon; Robert F.; Schetz, John A.2007Efficacy of selected natural and synthetic novel organic compounds in prevention of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) macrofouling by byssal attachment inhibition. AdultCapsaicin, N-vanillylnonanimide, N-benzoylmonethanolamine, Anandamide, Linoleyl ethanoloamide, O-2050, Noladin ether, CP 55,940, AM630Mortality, AttachmentInvertebrates (Daphnia magna)The University of Texas at Arlington
Barbour; Schueller; Severson; Wise; Meulemans; Luoma; Waller2021Concentration addition and independent action assessments of the binary mixtures of four toxicants on zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) mortalityAdultPotassium Chloride (KCl), EarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu) Niclosamide, Clam-Trol CT-2MortalityNAAquatic Toxicology
Barbour, Matthew T.; Wise, J.K.; Luoma, J.A.2018A Bioassay Assessment of a Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) Eradication TreatmentAdultEarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu)MortalityNAReport
Barenberg, Amber; Moffitt, Christine M.2018Toxicity of Aqueous Alkaline Solutions to New Zealand Mudsnails, Asian Clams, and Quagga MusselsAdult, JuvenileSodium Hydroxide (NaOH) (pH differences)MortalityMolluscs (quagga mussel, New Zealand mudsnail, and Asian clam)Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management
Bidwell, Joseph R.; Jerry L. Farris; Donald S. Cherry1995Comparative response of the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, and the Asian clam, CorbiculaJ-luminea, to DGH/QUAT, a nonoxidizing molluscicideAdultDGH/QUAT, surfactantMortalityMollusc (Asian Clam)Aquatic Toxicology
Binelli, Andrea; Parolini, Marco; Pedriali, Alessandra; Provini, Alfredo2011Antioxidant Activity in the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) in Response to Triclosan ExposureAdultTriclosanEnzymatic ActivityNAWater Air & Soil Pollution
Boegehold, Anna G.; Johnson; Ram; Kashian2018Cyanobacteria reduce quagga mussel (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) spawning and fertilization successAdultCyanobacteria, microcystinreproductionNAFreshwater Science
Boegehold, Anna G.; Johnson; Kashian2019Dreissenid (quagga and zebra mussel) veligers are adversely affected by bloom forming cyanobacteriaPre-settlementCyanobacteria, microcystinMortalityNAEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Boegehold, Anna G.; Donna R. Kashian2021Stress tolerance of two freshwater invaders exposed to Microcystis aeruginosa and microcystin-LRAdultCyanobacteria, microcystinFiltration, oxygen consumption, Enzymatic ActivityMolluscs (Asian Clam)Hydrobiologia
Borcherding; Jost; Janz; Brigitte1997Valve movement response of the mussel Dreissena polymorpha – the influence of pH and
turbidity on the acute toxicity of pentachlorophenol under laboratory and field conditions
Adultpentachlorophenolvalve movementNAEcotoxicology
Bourgeault, Adeline; Gourlay-France; Catherine; Tusseau-Vuillemin; Marie-Helene2010MODELING THE EFFECT OF WATER CHEMISTRY ON THE BIOACCUMULATION OF WATERBORNE CADMIUM IN ZEBRA MUSSELSAdultCadmium (Cd), Influenced by Zinc (Zn), Calcium (Ca), and DOCBioaccumulation, filtrationNAEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Bourgeault, Adeline; Gourlay-France; Tusseau-Vuillemin2010MODELING THE EFFECT OF WATER CHEMISTRY ON THE BIOACCUMULATION OF WATERBORNE CADMIUM IN ZEBRA MUSSELSAdultCadmium (Cd)BioaccumulationNAEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Bouskill, Nicolas; Handy, Richard D.; Ford, Tim E.; Galloway, Tamara S.2006Differentiating copper and arsenic toxicity using biochemical biomarkers in Asellus aquaticus and Dreissena polymorphaAdultCopper (CuCl2), Arsenic (NaAsO2)Enzymatic ActivityNAEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Brand, Sarel; Johannes H. Erasmus; Marelize Labuschagne; Daniel Grabner; Milen Nachev; Sonja Zimmermann;Victor Wepener; Nico Smit; Bernd Sures2018Bioaccumulation and metal-associated biomarker responses in a freshwater mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, following short-term platinum exposure AdultPlatinum (Pt)bioaccumulationNAEnvironmental Pollution
Britton, David K.; Dingman, Sandra2011Use of quaternary ammonium to control the spread of aquatic invasive species by wildland fire equipmentPre-settlementSparquat 256, ammonium chlorideMortalityNAAquatic Invasions
Choi W. J.; Gerstenberger; McMahon; Wong2013Estimating survival rates of quagga mussel (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) veliger larvae under summer and autumn temperature regimes in residual water of trailered watercraft at Lake Mead, USAPre-settlementNAMortalityNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Claudi, Renata; Graves; Taraborelli; Prescott; Mastitsky2012Impact of pH on survival and settlement of dreissenid musselsAdult, Pre-settlementpH (phosphoric acid added)Mortality, settlementNAAquatic Invations
Claudi, Renata; Prescott; Prescott; Mastitsky; Evans; Taraborelli2013Evaluating high pH for control of dreissenid musselsAdult, Pre-settlementpH (sodium hydroxide added)Mortality, settlementNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Clayton, Maureen E.; Steinmann, Roland; Fent, Karl2000Different expression patterns of heat shock proteins hsp 60 and hsp 70 in zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) exposed to copper and tributyltinAdultCopper (CuSO4), tributyltinEnzymatic ActivityNAAquatic Toxicology
Clifton; Albright; Matthew2015Preventing zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) veliger attachment using potassium permanganatePre-settlementPotassium permanganateattachmentNAReport
Contardo-Jara, Valeska; Lorenz; Pflugmacher; Nutzmann; Kloas; Wiegand2011Exposure to human pharmaceuticals Carbamazepine, Ibuprofen and Bezafibrate causes molecular effects in Dreissena polymorphaAdultCarbamazepine, ibuprofen, bezafibrateEnzymatic ActivityNAAquatic Toxicology
Cope, Gregory W.; Bartsch, Michelle R.; Marking, Leif L.1997EFFICACY OF CANDIDATE CHEMICALS FOR PREVENTING ATTACHMENT OF ZEBRA MUSSELS (DREISSENA POLYMORPHA)AdultCapsaicin, acids, 47 chemicals testedMortality, attachmentFish (bluegill, channel catfish, rainbow trout)Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Costa, R.; Aldridge; Moggridge2008Seasonal variation of zebra mussel susceptibility to molluscicidal agentsAdultPotassium Chloride (KCl), niclosamide salt, polyDADMACMortalityNAJournal of Applied Ecology
Costa, R.; Aldridge; Moggridge2012Multicomponent molluscicide mixtures for zebra mussel controlAdultPotassium Chloride (KCl), niclosamide salt, polyDADMAC, TCMTBMortalityNAJournal of Great Lakes Research
Costa, R.; Elliott; Aldridge; Moggridge2011Enhanced mortality of the biofouling zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, through the application of combined control agentsAdultPotassium Chloride (KCl), polyDADMACMortalityNAJournal of Great Lakes Research
Couleau, Nicolas; Techer; Pagnout; Jomini; Foucaud; Laval-Gilly; Falla; Bennasroune2012Hemocyte responses of Dreissena polymorpha following a short-term in vivo exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles: Preliminary investigationsAdultTitanium dioxide nanoparticlesEnzymatic ActivityNAScience of the Total Environment
Dauberschmidt, C.; D. R. Dietrich*; C. Schlatter1995Toxicity of Organophosphorus Insecticides in the Zebra Mussel, Dreissena polymorpha P.AdultThiometon, disulfoton, demeton-S-methyl, malathionMortality, bioaccumulationNAArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Davis, Eric A.; Wong, Wai H.; Harman, Willard N.2018Toxicity of Potassium Chloride Compared to Sodium Chloride for Zebra Mussel DecontaminationAdult, Pre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl)MortalityNAJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
Davis, Eric A.; Wong, Wai H.; Harman, Willard N.2015Comparison of Three Sodium Chloride Chemical Treatments for Adult Zebra Mussel DecontaminationAdultSodium Chloride (NaCl), Iodized table salt, water softener saltMortalityNAJournal of Shellfish Research
Davis, Eric A.; Wong, Wai H.; Harman, Willard N.2015Distilled white vinegar (5% acetic acid) as a potential decontamination method for adult zebra musselsAdultAcetic acidMortalityNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Del Piero, Stefania; Masiero, Luciano; Casellato, Sandra2012INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE ON FLUORIDE TOXICITY AND BIOACCUMULATION IN THE NONINDIGENOUS FRESHWATER MOLLUSK DREISSENA POLYMORPHA PALLAS, 1769AdultFlourideMortality, bioaccumulationNAEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Edwards, William J.; Babcock-Jackson; Culver2002Field Testing of Protocols to Prevent the Spread of ZebraMussels Dreissena polymorpha during Fish Hatchery and Aquaculture ActivitiesPre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl), KCl+formalinMortalityFish (walleye, saugeye)North American Journal of Aquaculture
Edwards, William J.; LISA BABCOCK-JACKSON; DAVID A. CULVER2000Prevention of the Spread of Zebra Mussels during Fish Hatchery and Aquaculture ActivitiesPre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl), TFM, formalin, Sodium Chloride (NaCl), Calcium Chloride (CaCl₂)MortalityFish (walleye, saugeye, largemouth bass, sunshine bass, channel catfish, rainbow trout, golden trout, brown trout, muskellunge)North American Journal of Aquaculture
Fisher, S. Warwick; Stromberg, Paul; Bruner, Kathleen A.; Boulet, Denise L.1991Molluscicidal activity of potassium to the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorphia: toxicity and mode of actionAdultPotassium Phosphate (KH2PO4), Potassium pyrophosphate (K4P2O7), Potassium Iodide (KI), Potassium Chloride (KCl), Potassium sulfate (K2SO4)MortalityMolluscs (paper pondshell, corbicula, snail [Helisoma spp.]), Fish (mosquito fish)Aquatic Toxicology
Fisher, Susan; Dabrowska; Waller; Babcock-Jackson; Zhang1994Sensitivity of Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) Life Stages to Candidate MolluscicidesAdult, Juvenile, Pre-settlementBayluscide, Niclosamide, Calgon H-130, Clamtrol CT-1, Rotenone, Salicylanilide, TFMMortalityNAJournal of Shellfish Research
Fisher, Susan W.; Hwang, Haejo; Atanasoff, Mark; Landrum, Peter F.1999Lethal Body Residues for Pentachlorophenol in Zebra Mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) under Varying Conditions of Temperature and pHAdultPentachlorophenolMortalityNAEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Genco, Madeline; Wong, David2015The effects of Earth Tec, a mulloscide, on zebra mussel mortalityAdult, Pre-settlementEarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu)MortalityNAdocument
Genthner, Fred J.; Winstead; Gillet; Van Fleet; Viel; Genovese; Singer1997Effects of a Molluscicidal Strain of Bacillus alvei on Digestive Tubule sof Zebra Mussels, Dreissena polymorphaAdultBacillus alveiMortality, filtrationNAJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Giamberini, L.; Czembor, N; Pihan, J.C.1995Inhibitory Effects of an Organic Molluscicide on Byssal Thread Development in Zebra MusselsAdultMexel 432, N-COCO ALKYLTRIMETHYLENEDIAMINES; N-OLEYL-1,3-DIAMINOPROPANEattachmentNAJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Giamberini, Laure; Pihan, Jean Claude1997Lysosomal changes in the hemocytes of the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorpha experimentally exposed to lead and zincAdultLead (Pb), Zinc (Zn)Enzymatic ActivityNADiseases of Aquatic Organisms
Hanana, Houda; Turcotte, Andre; Gagnon, Gagne2017Comparative study of the effects of gadolinium chloride and gadolinium e based magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent on freshwater mussel, Dreissena polymorphaAdultGadolinium (gadolinium chloride, omniscan)bioaccumulation, enymatic activityNAChemosphere
Hanana, Houda; Turcotte, Dube; Gagnon, Gagne2018Response of the freshwater mussel, Dreissena polymorpha to sub-lethal concentrations of samarium and yttrium after chronic exposureAdultSamarium (Sm), Yttrium (Yt)bioaccumulation, enymatic activityNAEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Iwanyckyj, E.; Albright, Matthew; Stich Daniel2017Effectiveness of molluscicide EarthTec® QZ on adult and veliger zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha mortalityAdult, Pre-settlementEarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu)MortalityNAReport
Kannappan Vijayavel; Donna R. Kashian2018Toxic effect and physiological disruption of sodium phosphate to the quagga mussel (Dreissena bugensis)AdultSodium Phosphate (NA3PO4)Mortality, oxygen consumption, filtrationNAEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Kennedy, Alan J; Millward, Rod N; Steevens, Jeffery A; Lynn, John W; Perry, Karen D2006Relative Sensitivity of Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) Life-stages to Two Copper Sources Adult, Pre-settlementCopper (Cutrine Ultra and CuSO4)MortalityNAJournal of Great Lakes Research
Kilgour, B.W.; Baker, M.A.1993Effects of Season, Stock, and Laboratory Protocols on Survival of Zebra Mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in BioassaysAdult, JuvenileSodium Hypochlorite, Bayer 73, Collection season, Stock Location, Mussel Size, Maintenance Method, Thermal Acclimation RateMortalityNAArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Kraak Michiel H.S.; Wijnands, Paul; Govers, Harrie A.J.; Admiraal, Wim; De Voogt, Pim1997STRUCTURAL-BASED DIFFERENCES IN ECOTOXICITY OF BENZOQUINOLINE ISOMERS TO THE ZEBRA MUSSEL (DREISSENA POLYMORPHA)AdultAcridine, Phenanthridine, Benzo[f]quinoline, Benzo[h]quinolineFiltrationNAEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Kraak, M.H.S; Stuijfzand, S.C; Admiraal, W.1999Short-Term Ecotoxicity of a Mixture of Five Metals to the Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorphaAdultCopper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Nickel (Ni), Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb)Bioaccumulation, filtrationNABulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Kraak, M.H.S; Schoon; Peeters; Vanstraalen1993Chronic Ecotoxicity of Mixtures of Cu, Zn, and Cd to the Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorphaAdultCopper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd)mortality, filtration, bioaccumulationNAEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Kraak, Michiel; Lavy, Daphna; Schoon, Hans; Toussaint, Merel; Peeters, Wilma; Straalen, Nico1993ECOTOXICITY OF MIXTURES OF METALS TO THE ZEBRA MUSSEL DREISSENA POLYMORPHAAdultCopper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd)FiltrationNAEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Kraak, Michiel; Wink; Stuijfzand; Buckert-de Jong; de Groot; Admiraal1994Chronic ecotoxicity of Zn and Pb to the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorphaAdultZinc (Zn), Lead (Pb)Mortality, filtrationNAAquatic Toxicology
Kraak, Michiel H.S.; Ainscough; Fernandez; van Vlaardingen; do Voogt, Admiraal1997Short-term and chronic exposure of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) to acridine : effects and metabolismAdultAcridineMortality, filtrationNAAquatic Toxicology
Lake-Thompson, Ian; Hofmann, Ron2019Effectiveness of a copper based molluscicide for controlling Dreissena adultsAdultEarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu)MortalityNAEnvironmental Science: Water Research & Technology
Le, T.T. Yen; Grabner; Nachev; Garcia; Balsa-Canto; Peijnenburg; Hendriks, Sures2021Development of a toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic model simulating chronic copper toxicity to the Zebra mussel based on subcellular fractionation AdultSodium (Na), Copper (Cu)BioaccumulationNAAquatic Toxicology
Luoma, James A.; Dean; Severson; Wise; Barbour2017Use of alternating and pulse direct current electrical fields for zebra mussel controlAdultAlternating or direct electric currentMortalityNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Luoma, James A.; Severson; Barbour; Wise2018Effects of temperature and exposure duration on four potential rapid-response tools for zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) eradicationAdultEarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu) , Niclosamide, Potassium Chloride (KCl), Zequanox (Pseudomonas flourescens)MortalityNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Luoma, James A.; Severson; Barbour; Wise2018Exposure-related effects of Zequanox on juvenile lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) and lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush)NAZequanox (Pseudomonas flourescens)MortalityFishManagement of Biological Invasions
Mackie, Gerald L.; Kigour, Bruce W.1995EFFICACY AND ROLE OF ALUM IN REMOVAL OF ZEBRA MUSSEL VELIGER LARVAE FROM RAW WATER SUPPLIESPre-settlementAlum, Hydrogen ionmortalityNAWater Research
Magni, Stefano; Parolini; Della Torre; Fernandes de Oliveira; Catani; Guzzinati; Cavazzini; Binelli2017Multi-biomarker investigation to assess toxicity induced by two antidepressants on Dreissena polymorphaAdultfluoxetine, citalopramEnzymatic ActivityNAScience of the Total Environment
Magni, Stefano; Gagne, Andre; Della Torre; Auclair; Hanana; Parenti; Bonasoro; Binelli2018Evaluation of uptake and chronic toxicity of virgin polystyrene microbeads in freshwater zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Mollusca: Bivalvia)adultPolystyrene microbeadsFiltration, enzymatic activityNAScience of the total Environment
Martin, I.D.; Mackie, G.L; Baker, M.A1993Control of the Biofouling Mollusc, Dreissena polymorpha (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae), with Sodium Hypochlorite and with Polyquaternary Ammonia and Benzothiazole CompoundsJuvenileSodium hypochlorite, BULAB 6002, BULAB 6009MortalityNAArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Martin, I.D.; Mackie, G.L.; Baker, M.A.1993Acute Toxicity Tests and Pulsed-Dose Delayed Mortality at 12 and 22°C in the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)JuvenileSodium hypochlorite, Bulab 6002, Hydrogen PeroxideMortalityNAArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Martinez, J. D.2020EFFECTS OF COPPER AND TEMPERATURE ON THE LIFE STAGES OF THE INVASIVE ZEBRA MUSSELAdult, juvenile, Pre-settlementEarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu)Mortality, reproductionNAThesis - Texas Christian University
Meehan, Sara; Shannon, Adam; Gruber, Bridget; Rackl, Sarahann M.; Lucy, Frances E.2014Ecotoxicological impact of Zequanoxs, a novel biocide, on selected non-target Irish aquatic speciesNAZequanox (Pseudomonas flourescens)MortalityMolluscs (duck mussel, Anodonta), Invertebrates ( non-biting midge C. plumosus, white-clawed crayfish A. pallipes)Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Moffitt, Christine M.; Stockton-Fiti, Kelly A.; Claudi, Renata2016Toxicity of potassium chloride to veliger and byssal stage dreissenid mussels related to water qualityAdult, Pre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl), NaClmortalityNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Molloy, Daniel P.; Mayer; Gaylo; Morse; Presti; Sawyko; Karatayev; Burlakova; Laruelle; Nishikawa; Griffin2013Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CL145A – A biopesticide for the control of zebra and quagga mussels (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae)AdultPseudomonas fluorescens strain CL145AMortalityNAJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Molloy, Daniel P.; Mayer, Denise A.; Giamberini, Laure; Gaylo, Michael J.2013Mode of action of Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CL145A, a lethal control agent of dreissenid mussels (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae)AdultBacteria (Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CL145A)Mortality, histologyNAJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Nowicki, C.; Kashian, Donna R.2018Comparison of Lipid Peroxidation and Catalase Response in Invasive Dreissenid Mussels Exposed to Single and Multiple Stressors: Comparing oxidative stress response in dreissenid musselsAdultPCB, density, temperature, hypoxiaEnzymatic ActivityNAEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
O'Donnell, J. Michael; Durand; Robitaille; Warwick Fisher; Stromberg199631P-NMR Analysis of Lethal and Sublethal Lesions Produced by KC1-Intoxication in the Zebra Mussel, Dreissena polymorphaJuvenileBayluscide, Niclosamide, Potassium Chloride (KCl)Enzymatic Activity, movementNAThe Journal of Experimental Zoology
O'Meara; Hosler; Denise2016Interim Report : Zebra mussel eradication, potash study San Justo Reservoir.AdultPotassium (K+)MortalityNAReport
Parolini, Marco; Binelli2013Adverse effects induced by ecgonine methyl ester to the zebra mussel: A comparison with the benzoylecgonineAdultBenzoylecgonineHemocyte viability, enzymatic activityNAEnvironmental Pollution
Parolini, Marco; Pedriali; Binelli2013Application of a Biomarker Response Index for Ranking the Toxicity of Five Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) to the Bivalve Dreissena polymorphaAdultTriclosan, trimethoprim, diclofenac, ibuprofen, paracetamolEnzymatic ActivityNAArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Parolini, Marco; Quinn, Brian; Binelli, Andrea; Provini, Alfredo2011Cytotoxicity assessment of four pharmaceutical compounds on the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) haemocytes, gill and digestive gland primary cell culturesAdultAtenolol, carbamazepine, diclofenac, gemfibrozilMTT reduction assay and Trypan blue testNAChemosphere
Parolini, Marco; Binelli, Andrea; Provini, Alfredo2011Chronic effects induced by ibuprofen on the freshwater bivalve Dreissena polymorphaAdultIbuprofenHemocyte viability, enzymatic activityNAEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Parolini, Marco; Binelli; Andrea2012Sub-lethal effects induced by a mixture of three non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the freshwater bivalve Dreissena polymorphaAdultDiclofenac, ibuprofen, paracetamolEnzymatic ActivityNAEcotoxicology
Parolini, Marco; Magni, Stefano; Castiglioni, Sara; Zuccato, Ettore; Binelli, Andrea2015Realistic mixture of illicit drugs impaired the oxidative status of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)AdultCocaine, benzoylecgonine, amphetamine, MDMA, morphineEnzymatic ActivityNAChemosphere
Parolini, Marco; Magni; Castiglioni; Binelli2016Amphetamine exposure imbalanced antioxidant activity in the bivalve Dreissena polymorpha causing oxidative and genetic damageAdultAmphetamineEnzymatic ActivityNAChemosphere
Parolini, Marco; Magni; Castiglioni; Binelli2016Amphetamine exposure imbalanced antioxidant activity in the bivalve Dreissena polymorpha causing oxidative and genetic damageAdultAmphetamineEnzymatic ActivityNAChemosphere
Parolini, Marco; Magni; Binelli2014Environmental concentrations of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced cellular stress and modulated antioxidant enzyme activity in the zebra musselAdult3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMAHemocyte viability, FiltrationNAEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Parolini, Marco; Pedriali; Riva; Binelli2013Sub-lethal effects caused by the cocaine metabolite benzoylecgonine to the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorphaAdultBenzoylecgonineHemocyte viability, enzymatic activityNAScience of the Total Environment
Perry, Karen; Lynn2009Detecting physiological and pesticide-induced apoptosis in early developmental stages of invasive bivalvesPre-settlementBayluscide, NiclosamideCell mortalityMolluscs (Mediterranean mussel)Hydrobiologia
Pucherelli; Portz, Donald; Bloom, Kevin; Carmon, Jamie; Brenimer, Suzanne; Hosler, Denise2014Quagga Mussel Contamination of fish haul trucks by fish and development of effective potassium chloride and formalin treatmentsPre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl), formalinMortalityNAJournal of Applied Aquaculture
Pucherelli; Claudi; Renata2017Evaluation of the effects of ultra-violet light treatment on quagga mussel settlement and veliger survival at Davis DamPre-settlementUV lightMortality, settlementNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Quinn, Brian; Schmidt; O'Rrourke; Hernan2011Effects of the pharmaceuticals gemfibrozil and diclofenac on biomarker expression in the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) and their comparison with standardised toxicity testsAdultGemfibrozil, diclofenacEnzymatic ActivityInvertebrates (Daphnia magna), Plants and Other ( algae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, duckweed Lemna minor)Chemosphere
Quinn, Brian; Gagne; Blaise; Costello; Wilson; Mothersill2006Evaluation of the lethal and sub-lethal toxicity and potential endocrine disrupting effect of nonylphenol on the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)AdultNonylphenolMortality, attachmentNAComparative Biochemistry and Physiology
Ram, J.; Purohit; Newby; Cutright2012Evaluation of the natural product antifoulant, zosteric acid, for preventing the attachment of quagga mussels – a preliminary studyAdultZosteric acidAttachmentNANatural Product Research
Rao, D. G. V; Kahn, M.A.Q.2000Zebra mussels: enhancement of copper toxicity by high temperature and its relationship with respiration and metabolismAdultCopper (Cu)MortalityNAWater Environment Research
Riva, Consuelo; Cristoni; Simone; Binelli; Andrea2012Effects of triclosan in the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorpha: A proteomic investigation. 1w acclimation/holdingAdultTriclosanEnzymatic ActivityNAAquatic Toxicology
Serdar, Osman; Aydın; Söylemez2021Effect of Beta-Cyfluthrin Pesticide on Zebra Mussel (Dressienna polymorpha)AdultBeta-Cyfluthrin PestisitinMortality, Enzymatic ActivityNAInternational Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences
Stalter, Daniel; Magdeburg, Axel; Oehlmann, Jorg2010Comparative toxicity assessment of ozone and activated carbon treated sewage effluents using an in vivo test batteryAdultOzoneMortalityMolluscs (mud snail), invertebrates (blackworm, chironomid), macrophytes (duckweed)Water Research
Stockton-Fiti, Kelly A.; Moffitt, Christine M.2017Determining the toxicity of antifreeze to quagga musselsJuvenile, Pre-settlementAntifreezeMortalityNAReport
Stockton-Fiti, Kelly A.; Moffitt, Christine M.2017Investigation of the Edwards protocol’s effectiveness on dreissenid mussel veligers.Pre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl), formalinMortalityNAReport
Stockton-Fiti, Kelly A.; Moffitt, Christine M.2017Safety and efficacy of Virkon aquatic as a control tool for invasive Molluscs in aquacultureAdultVirkon Aquatic, Potassium monopersulfateMortalityMolluscs (New Zealand mudsnail), Fish (Rainbow trout)Aquaculture
Stockton-Fiti, Kelly A.; Claudi, Renata2017Use of a differential simple stain to confirm mortality of dreissenid mussel veligers in field and laboratory experimentsPre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl), fast green stainMortalityNAManagement of Biological Invasions
Stuijfzand, S.C.; Kraak; Windk; Davids1994Short-term effects of nickel on the filtration rate of the zebra musselAdultNickelfiltration, bioaccumulationNABulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Sykes, Catherine2009Efficacy of Potassium Chloride and Formalin for Removing Quagga Mussel Veligers from Transport Tanks at Willow Beach National Fish HatcheryPre-settlementPotassium Chloride (KCl), KCl+formalinMortalityNAReport
Van Haelst, A.G.; Zhao, Q.; Van Der Wielen, W.M.; Govers, H.A.J.;De Voogt, P.1996Determination of Bioconcentration Factors of Eight Tetrachlorobenzyltoluenes in the Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorphaadultNABioaccumulationNAEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Vehovszky, Agnes; Farkas; Csidos; Szekacs; Mortl; Gyori2018Neonicotinoid insecticides are potential substrates of the multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) mechanism in the non-target invertebrate, Dreissena sp.Adultthiamethoxam, clothianidin, thiacloprid, imidaclopridEnzymatic ActivityNAAquatic Toxicology
Vijayavel, Kannappan; Kashian, Donna R.2019Toxic effect and physiological disruption of sodium phosphate to the quagga mussel (Dreissena bugensis)AdultSodium Phosphate (NA3PO4)Mortality, Oxygen consumption, filtrationNAEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Waller, Diane L.; Rach, J.J.; Cope, W.G.; Marking L.L.1993Toxicity of candidate molluscicides to zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) and selected nontarget organismsAdultAntimycin, Bayluscide, Niclosamide, Baythroid, Bulab 6002, Bulab 6009, Calgon H-130, Calgon DMDACC, Clamtrol CT-1, Copper sulfate (CuSO4), Endod, Juglone, KML V2, KML V54, Noxfish, Potassium chloride (KCl), Potassium, permanganate, Salicylanilide I, TFMMortalityMolluscs (threehorn wartyback O. reflexa), Fish (rainnbow trout, channel catfish)Journal of Great Lakes Research
Waller, Diane L.; Bartsch, Michelle R.2018Use of carbon dioxide in zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) control and safety to native freshwater mussel (Fatmucket, Lampsilis siliquoidea)AdultCarbon Dioxide (CO2)MortalityMolluscs (fatmucket L. siliquoidea)Management of Biological Invasions
Waller, Diane L.; Luoma, James A.; Erickson, Richard2016Safety of the molluscicide Zequanox to nontarget macroinvertebrates Gammarus lacustris (Amphipoda: Gammaridae) and Hexagenia spp. (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae)NAZequanox (Pseudomonas flourescens)MortalityInvertebrates (Mayflies Ephemeroptera, Amphipoda)Management of Biological Invasions
Waller, Diane L.; Fisher, S.W.1998Evaluation of Several Chemical Disinfectants for Removing Zebra Mussels from Unionid MusselsJuvenile, Pre-settlementCalcium Chloride (CaCl2), Potassium Chloride (KCl), Sodium Chloride (NaCl), benzalkonium chloride, formalin, Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)MortalityMolluscs (Elliptio dilatata, Lampsilis cardium, Lasmigona complanata, Obliquaria reflexa, Leptodea fragilis)The Progressive Fish-Culturist
Waller, Diane L.; Luoma, James A.2017Effects of the biopesticide Zequanox on reproduction and early development of the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas)NAZequanox (Pseudomonas flourescens)reproductionFish (fathead minnow Pimephales promelas)Management of Biological Invasions
Waller, Diane L.; Fisher, S.W.; Dabrowska, H.1996Prevention of Zebra Mussel Infestation and Dispersal during Aquaculture OperationsAdult, Juvenile, Pre-settlementAcriflavine, Benzalkonium chloride, Calcium chloride (CaCl2), Calcium hydroxide (lime) Ca(OH)2 , Calcium hypochlorite, Chelated copper, Chloramine-T, Formalin, Hydrogen peroxide, Iodine, Potassium chloride, Potassium permanganate, Rotenone, Sodium chloride (NaCl)MortalityFish (rainbow trout, lake trout, brown trout, fathead minnow, channel catfish, smallmouth bass, bluegill, yellow perch, walleye)The Progressive Fish-Culturist
Waller, Diane L.; Bartsch, Michelle R.; Lord, Eric G.; Erickson, Richard A.2020Temperature-Related Responses of an Invasive Mussel and 2 Unionid Mussels to Elevated Carbon DioxidemultipleCarbon Dioxide (CO2)MortalityMollusc (unionid)Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Water, Ashlie2011Effectiveness of EarthTec on killing invasive quagga mussels (Dreissena rostriformis bugenis) and preventing their colonization in the Western U.S.Adult, Juvenile, Pre-settlementEarthTec QZ, Copper (Cu)MortalityNAUniversity of Nevada
Wildridge, P. J.; Werner, R.G.; Doherty, F.G.; Neuhauser, E.F.1998Acute Toxicity of Potassium to the Adult Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorphaAdultPotassium (K+), Clam-Trol CT-2Mortality, movementNAArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Wildridge, Pamela J.; Robert G. Wernerl; Francis G. Doherty; and Edward F. Neuhauser1998Acute Effects of Potassium on Filtration Rates of Adult Zebra Mussels, Dreissena polymorphaAdultPotassium (K+)movement, filtrationNAJournal of Great Lakes Research
Yancheva, Vesela; Georgieva; Stoyanova; Tsvetanova; Todorova; Mollov; Velcheva2018Short- and Long-term Toxicity of Cadmium and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons on Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae)adultCadmium (Cd), Polyaromatic hydrocarbonsEnzymatic ActivityNAActa Zoologica Bulgaria
Yen Le, T.T.; Garcia; Brabner; Nachev; Balsa-Canto; Hendriks; Zimmermann; Sures2020Mechanistic simulation of bioconcentration kinetics of waterborne Cd, Ag, Pd, and Pt in the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorphaAdultCadmium (Cd), Platinum (Pt), Silver (Ag), Palladium (Pd)bioaccumulationNAChemosphere
Zimmerman, Sonja; Alt; Messerchmidt; Von Bohlen; Taraschewski; Sures2002BIOLOGICAL AVAILABILITY OF TRAFFIC-RELATED PLATINUM-GROUP ELEMENTS (PALLADIUM, PLATINUM, AND RHODIUM) AND OTHER METALS TO THE ZEBRA MUSSEL (DREISSENA POLYMORPHA) IN WATER CONTAINING ROAD DUSTadultRoad dust, (Iron Fe, Copper Cu, Nickel Ni, Manganese Mn, Arsenic As, Chromium Cr, Cadium Cd, Cobalt Co, Lead Pb, Antimony Sb, Silver Ag, Bismuth Bi, Palladium Pd, Platinum Pt, Rhodium Rh)BioaccumulationNAEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Zimmermann, Sonja; Ruchter, Nadine; Loza, Kateryna; Epple, Matthias; Sures, Bernd2017Nanoparticulate versus ionic silver: Behavior in the tank water, bioaccumulation, elimination and subcellular distribution in the freshwater mussel Dreissena polymorphaAdultSilver (AgNO3 and Ag nano particle)BioaccumulationNAEnvironmental Pollution
Zupan, I.; Kalafatic, M.2003Histological Effects of Low Atrazine Concentration on Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha Pallas)AdultAtrazineMortality, histologyNABulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
2014Standard Guide for Conducting Acute Toxicity Tests on Test Materials with Fishes, Macroinvertebrates, and AmphibiansUniform in age and size (immature are most sensitive)NAMortalityNA
2013Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Toxicity Tests with Freshwater Musselsdependant on purpose and scope of studyNAMortalityNA
2002Methods for Measuring the Acute Toxicity of Effluents and Receiving Waters to Freshwater and Marine OrganismsUniform in age and size (immature are most sensitive)NAMortalityNA
2002Short-term Methods for Estimating the Chronic Toxicity of Effluents and Receiving Waters to Freshwater OrganismsUniform in age and size (immature are most sensitive)NAMortalityNA

Coming soon

This table will display the collection of literature reviewed for open water control studies.